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Friday, February 6, 2009

The Most Common Types of Mortgage Loans

By Trinity Clawson

When it comes to choosing a mortgage loan to purchase a home, there are a lot of different options to choose from. The best mortgage option for you might be different from the one that is best for your neighbor. If you are looking to take on a mortgage sometime in the near future, it might be helpful to know what some of the common types of mortgage loans are all about so you can make an educated decision when the time comes to make a choice.

The fixed rate mortgage is a very typical mortgage loan. This type of mortgage offers an interest rate that is fixed to one set rate. With the interest rate set, your monthly mortgage payment will be set and won't change over time. This mortgage allows people to truly plan on what their housing payments will be over the course of the loan.

Most fixed rate mortgages have a term of thirty years, but amortization schedules can range anywhere from ten year terms to forty year terms. The shorter the term, the lower the interest rate usually. The longer the term, the more expensive the loan will be by the end of the term since you are paying interest for longer.

If you hope to pay off your home as soon as possible, then getting a loan with as short of a term as possible might be wise. The shorter the term, the less interest you will pay on the loan over time. You can get a fixed rate mortgage with a term as short as ten years. In some cases, you can get a term as long as fifty years. The most common length of term is a thirty year term.

Adjustable rate mortgages are another type of mortgage loan offered. They have become more popular and well known in the past few years as more and more people have been taking them out. Often referred to as an ARM, adjustable rate mortgages have interest rates that change throughout the term of the loan. This means your monthly mortgage payment will adjust as the interest rate adjust. The loans usually adjust every three or five years.

When interest rates change, your interest rate on your mortgage will adjust and you will either have increased or decreased monthly mortgage payments. This might sound okay to some people, but realize that when the economy is struggling like it is now, mortgage payments can more than double for some people. Make sure that if this were to happen you wouldn't end up losing your home for defaulting on the loan.

These are two of the most common types of mortgage loans. There are of course several more options available to the borrower. It is important that you feel you made the best financial decision for you and your family when you purchase a home. Choose a mortgage loan that makes sense for you.

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